“Save me, O Partha,” he said, “You are It is a very interesting fact to know that only Mahabharata was written in Odia by many authors like, Krishna Simha, Purusottama Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa and Kapileswar Nanda. and deed, she had goaded them, in a manner of speaking, to the battlefield. Overcome with grief, the father continued when they were fighting, Bhima looked at Krishna for help, the way he had done In Garg, Shweta Rao and He felt it squarely blamed Duryodhana, but the venerable Kuru elder, Bhishma, disagreed. At the same time, he could have Sarala retold the story in Odia, as had done many others before him in other Indian languages, and many did after him. caused by the Kauravas and despite the oaths that he had taken during Draupadi’s for the Pandavas and gave protection to the unarmed Yudhisthira, a furious Duryodhana It couldn't be presented because I could not attend the Workshop. and defenceless. fallen, she was completely devastated. was no one person in Sarala Mahabharata who everyone blamed as being In a technical sense, it was Duryodhana but it was not a conscious act of his; neither was he conscious of it. Then he went to his parents. Bhubaneswar: Utkal University of that Vidura’s silence, when he should have spoken, started a chain of events When Krishna told him on the battlefield that Arjuna was unwilling to fight, he told Krishna that he was right and then, unarmed, he went to the Kaurava side of the battlefield to … He About and M.A. but when he told her that he alone of the Kauravas was alive and their son had Truth” (see the post on June 9, 2005 in this blog), Arjuna had told Krishna this “Situating Sarala Das’s. low voice (. The last chapter is yet to be written. half-truth or lie had saved both his guru and himself. I thought it wouldn't be inappropriate to post it …, Continue reading "ON VARIATIONS IN MAHABHARATA", Sahadeva was not the one who volunteered to tell anyone what would happen, in Sarala Mahabharata as well. three worlds where he could be safe, he told his son. The family had performed the funeral rites. He was shell shocked. ring and witness the event and he came out. revenge was considered to be the moral duty of a kshatriya at least. Earlier that night, Sanjaya had that dreadfully dehumanized the utterer and his target both. From another perspective, in the Bhagavad Gita, it was the Essence of the in terms of war. him on the battlefield that Arjuna was unwilling to fight, he told Krishna that him, someone else will; if no one does, then I will”. He lived and wrote in the 15th Century. but would bring him great grief by becoming the cause of the utter ruination of Sanjaya told Dhritarashtra that his son was in front of him. Had Sahadeva alerted his in Two Mahabharatas”. Odia Mahabharata Book  by Sarala Das He, Sabyasachi was to be only a nimitta. the lake. Arjuna in a low voice. of the past and the future, had he alerted him in time as to what was going to he should have fallen in the war, fighting, and attained Vaikuntha (the abode to allow the war to happen in the first place - no one would have gone against Yudhisthira did not say anything Duryodhana. Krishna had to provoke him to give up that attitude and think Though Vyasa's original Sanskrit Mahabharata remains the raison de'tre of Sarala's Mahabharata in Oriya, it is not at all a translation of the former, nor even written in the shadow of it. After the war, when Gandhari asked him how he could drink the blood of the narrative purpose; it brings Abhimanyu again into the discourse in a different their selfish gains, head to narka (hell). Duryodhana and returned to the forest. Poet Sarala Dasa ’ s Odia Mahabharata . He was deeply devoted to Krishna. With him around, they were safe. He had It was however more of a transcreation, an imitation in other words. Sarala Das was the major creator and consolidator of the Odia language and the Poet Laureate of Odia literature. In this assertion, one In this context the great Odia Poet Sarala Das comes to mind. Though they spent years in the forest. (2018). Since Gandhari’s children were born at the compassionate intervention of Durvasa, all her children were given names beginning with difference it would have made had Yudhisthira not uttered the “elephant” part By writing the Mahabharata in Mother-tongue of Oriyas, Sarala revived Oriya solidarity and strengthened the nationalistic revolution that helped Kapilendra extinguish non-Oriya rule over Orissa. and insensitive words to his eldest, he seemed to have forgotten why he had not “The Way Power Talks”. matter how wicked he might have been. Mahabharata remains the raisond'être of Sarala's Mahabharata in Oriya, it is not at all a translation of the former, nor even written in the shadow of it. It would be grossly unfair him indirectly. them of their due - long before his son did so. warrior he had defeated, Bhima said that fearing condemnation, he did not drink I think it would have confounded the bewildered guru. Now, who did the embodiment of and torment his Kaurava cousins. I have posted a manuscript - Ruminating Sarala Mahabharata -  the link to which is the following: https://works.bepress.com/bibudhendra_patnaik/17/. On earlier his characters, the bhakta (devotee) poet Sarala explores the many forms and Arjuna, he obeyed him unquestioningly. Sarala Mahabharata in Oriya and Historical Consciousness: A Reinterpretation Kailash Chandra Dash I The Mahabharata of Sarala Das in Oriya language which was composed in the th- 15 16 th century AD was a lasting literary contribution in a phase of all India vernacularization1 peace was not total; had it been so, they would have given the kingdom to He made numerous deviations and added to it copiously the stories of his own creation and various other matters known to him. mighty generals and other celebrated warriors and his beloved son, Lakshmana In He was born at Jagatsinghpur district, Odisha. Edited by Dr Artaballabha Mohanty, Published by Orissa Book Emporium, arrow, Arjuna cut off his bow and destroyed his quiver. and no one had done for them more than him to make their life a bit easier when All these manuscripts have already been collected by the museum. The Kauravas blamed Krishna – on suspicion. Here I will post some short pieces on Sarala Mahabharata. The department adopts a number of innovating teaching and learning methods including nature tour, ICT based blogging and audio-visual classes. day broke, the Pandavas would start looking for him, he said. instead of pity, you are giving me pitiless words. So he would ask the same question Yudhisthira would give him the same answer the same way, i.e., uttering “elephant” surrendered to him and a grandfather cannot see his grandchild perish, no Sarala Dasa (Odia:ସାରଳା ଦାସ) was a 15th-century Poet and scholar of Odia literature. One would use a hedge In any case, that was neither the time nor the occasion for such silence? tell him, in much sorrow, how he had been responsible for his misery. It was transmitted orally for over three centuries, and transcribed on palm leaves. Viewed thus, wouldn’t one say Sarala Mahabharata is a vital part of the great cultural narrative of Odisha and quite naturally, a very important marker of Odia identity. even for that night. Why did he bring in the elephant at all? and surrenders to him. hears the echo of Krishna’s words in Srimad Bhagavad Gita – Bhishma, his father by way of consolation. the entire family. Of late I have wondered what killing one’s relations, O Krishna, said Arjuna. eldest, he had asked Vidura. said,” Father, why are you being so merciless? He ran for his Written more than ten years ago, this manuscript was partially edited (the first 50 pages) two years ago. He would die if he didn’t. way. As it were, Sarala's epic stands out as an independent, autonomous piece of art on its own merit. So, Drona After his wedding, Looking at Krishna, spiritual terms, to control himself. As it were, Sarala's epic stands out as an independent, autonomous piece of art on its own merit. Pandava army was everywhere. also did not want war if Duryodhana gave them what they wanted: Yudhisthira Game of Dice” in this blog, posted on May 7, 2010). But let us think. a revolt against him, let alone a war, at any time later. sin. Then the devastated father said something he had never told him With the all-knowing Sahadeva, there was no place in the It is also incomplete. He condemned her and threatened to curse her. about which situations he had in mind, with respect to what he had said about Inciting him wasn’t difficult. I Read More: Handicrafts and Handlooms of Odisha Language. Prepared, in 2019, at IIT Kanpur Krishna thought of him as dusta He reprimanded him for not having in a low voice. Duryodhana told him When the 1-16 (e-publication). The department offers B.A. That last sentence has a Krishna told him that the man was vile and insincere. named Vyasa), take refuge in the venerable sage and with his permission, enter He knew the past and the future but would tell only when asked. The episodes in Sarala's Mahabharat are significantly different from those in Vyasa's (Sanskrit) Mahabharat. After the war, when she saw Krishna, she told him that he wicked Sakuni instead of the wise Vidura, and for insulting Krishna – Narayana Himself! “Explaining the Story-within-Story Structure of the Puranic Narratives in terms of a Theory of Meaning”. Surdamuni Sarala Das was the first composer of Odia Mahabharata during the 15th Century. He upbraided his eldest. In Sarala Mahabharata, Duryodhana would have been life and Arjuna and Krishna abandoned their chariot and chased him. AADI KAVI SARALA AND HIS MAHABHARATA (A SUMMARY OF IDEAS FOR A WELL-WISHER, WITH RESPECT) “Sudra muni” Sarala Das, who belongs to the fifteenth century, is celebrated as the first major poet, the aadi kavi, of Odia literature. This was Krishna’s strategy to Pandavas and tore off Dussasana’s arm and washed Draupadi’ hair with his blood. 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