?�T~��jT>��S�>�Ğ%4d�����i��<>����C��6fN�P�ӽ��ov�����^� :�----���A�%-�H�(�pFP�a6q ��� Intercropping of potato with Litchi 20. trailer 0000001397 00000 n 0000010599 00000 n 0 - The three common planting systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular (Magat, 1990). 0000000900 00000 n 3 1. 0000004775 00000 n 0000002676 00000 n 0000040957 00000 n 0000001222 00000 n 0000039901 00000 n 0000003405 00000 n ha in extent. 0000004697 00000 n Intercropping of ornamentals with perennial trees like coconut is favourable in recent days. 0000075787 00000 n 0000065196 00000 n An Indigenous intercropping technique called "three sisters" involves planting corn, pole beans, and squash in the same spot. throughout the year to increase income. Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. 51 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 53 /H [ 900 343 ] /L 393562 /E 96708 /N 4 /T 392424 >> endobj xref 51 23 0000000016 00000 n � ���>�a�a�o���i\���i�%-�-�- Ot�^�1���mrzH��sу�~��i��~��bS�Yb�;��M��.�����K� �ԋ��W�G?��j �E*����,4O���"�q�Չ�7�9�U�`ָLl@�怢��d1Ix��p��O����4�����I��]�;�X��c�gq��#��9�}h�ᄟ(�tH&H"�mʫˋ 0000097310 00000 n 0000040744 00000 n Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. The canopy size, age and spacing of the coconut are also to be considered. 0000001774 00000 n 2): − On average, 56% of solar radiation reaches the ground, although this varies with the age of the coconut stand, its planting density, and its alignment. 0000003183 00000 n As per the farmer's opinion, a profit of nearly Rs 80,000-1,20,000 can be earned through intercropping. In his 3.5 ha coconut garden he cultivates 200 coconut trees along with a wide variety of intercrops like banana, vegetables, tuber crops, spices, fruit crops etc. Growing a number of other crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country. 0000101784 00000 n intercropping in coconut garden. When you stop to think about it intercropping lik… Intercropping of medicinal and aromatic crops in adult coconut garden under Brahmaputra valley region of Assam. 0000040206 00000 n 0000040056 00000 n 0000001243 00000 n H��W[S�F~��ا�ԩ��i�����i1y}pl�ؒ+ˤ���ޞ�� �ÌXi��|�����,�Т��L.��IgFj/��K]( Y��N�^��D��z֌�ή��_��TJ碜��x��(���$�]�K�&uR'�z�j%�d���IE���H����iŜh��Z�+z��1r6,�>k�(��[f�0�,UI_?V�l�O��y:6�$|;����fk��7{�+�%��)�v���Z��ȹ�� �wmTW������o��������Na�@A�m�����R�zl�%j�v@�/�wP�O � ړ�|��A���e�1>����)\���s0�Bp"w0 �B�XIW��ݍޗ/`b3��L:��a�|bw�N����e}��\f*gq�F6�>B��d��ʶ��R`HV���K�yȖf����H [�`q�ZL�����$r�VB�֋ˮ��|7P���O�?O~!��y�jL���7����d��OT�Hy�8����.� �e�-���{q$�ۚ�I�;2���#S��ˣQ]���ŶYWr�#��m#�W�6�g�����^��Vb�`- l���p����b ��e�Ŭ��z!�R)����� g"m!L�*b�:vMk�[��y�- DΌN[��ߪYZ �{q�۱�G@�l�#_��.=�Ă�ʲA�lU&�\Y���Xկ��]�.|����L�����@���-qPrCc~[ 0�=�Z��Z�6h�tiK�����ɩ(/���>?�#��O�������������d��S�wyIN.N.>ݔ�?��)h�N��$bh��H Y����}7�0�H2B���)��v]������aw� 0000030881 00000 n trailer << /Size 74 /Info 49 0 R /Root 52 0 R /Prev 392414 /ID[<90385f852981c090e66434917f5022af><8dd729c7780423865237f69837109afd>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 52 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 48 0 R /Metadata 50 0 R /PageLabels 47 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /S 153 /L 256 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 73 0 R >> stream - Schematic representation of available intercropping area in coconut stands. Abstract A field experiment conducted at Horticultural Research Station, Kahikuchi of Assam Agricultural University revealed the performance of medicinal and aromatic plants grown as intercrops in 32 year old Assam Green Tall coconut garden. Intercropping vegetables between young citrus trees 21. 1538 34 0000073110 00000 n Coconut+patchouli intercropping system recorded 55.3% increase in nut yield/palm followed by coconut+palmarosa (43.5%) when The corn grows tall and acts as a support for the pole beans. 0000005412 00000 n 0000003744 00000 n ��`YFA�N��P�2�k(TbDc4�@�B9f�[`����U�����������26y&-:~t�7/�+��D�O�O 2������V� Cc[�Cs��8��ϙ�F3���|2ywLv "˘�9[�,?�t0����$�` �.��@���!� Elephant foot yam + Guava intercropping system 24. (B) Coconut + cocoa cropping model (square planting). in the holdings. Where as lowest nut yield was recorded in coconut sole crop (Farmers practice) during three year as compared to intercropping system in coconut garden Coconut Intercropping Guide No. 0000072253 00000 n 0000001565 00000 n A. 0000072175 00000 n IMPORTANCE ... coconut+papaya+pineapple cropping system during dry season. 0000052888 00000 n The cost of growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs 40,000-50,000. upto 8-10 years. 0000046738 00000 n Market suitability should be taken into consideration before selecting an intercrop. 0000002867 00000 n 0000081381 00000 n The management and performance of selected fodder crops (the bajra napier hybrid Co 3 (Pennisetum glaucum × P. purpureum), Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), stylosanthes (Stylosanthes guianensis, S. scabra, S. hamata cv. x���A 0ð4�Fs\Gcw��������z�C. endstream endobj 1570 0 obj<>/Size 1538/Type/XRef>>stream 0000001624 00000 n The principle of intercropping is opportunism. 0000004148 00000 n In the present scenario of fluctuation in coconut price and high production cost, the pure crop of coconut is no more economical. Samrudhi – an ideal intercrop in coconut garden Mr. Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is a progressive farmer. 0000003442 00000 n Mango plantations in drought prone Barind areas intercropped with rice 22. The beans enrich the soil for the corn, which is a heavy feeder. During 10-22 years of age of the palms, crop like colocasia which can Figure 5a. intercropping in coconut. It responds to similar irrigation and manuring systems as coconut and also comparatively free from serious pests and diseases except … <<94D5D6470491214292A6117FAD7EF7E7>]>> In this system, land is ... Garden-type of planting during the wet season is mainly devoted for seed purposes. H�\UtMg����so�D4H�o�$�h��$�D3�D� ���#h ��P�t*��5���N1թx��E��(ʚUmG��]�v�^g���g��{�o��K��2��]'J=l�����܌�W Figure 3. H�0���.��H�;�8"� ��g 0 ha in size and more than 90 % of them are less than . ���z#����6݄;�3�4������i�0��D\q��PN*��C�]M�j.b_�+3k����k�.t�IE3}Y5�&�L�؏`�BS�jT ���;wX�XF`H ͪ݀]#~�������6��\ަd8nU80�Y��p�?W��������ͽ{���Ò�X5M�?�+h������:"���?��c�>L�%�yn����ԣ�e���a+�橴���W ��m[�E�6����3�b#`Ņ�٫������ �`OM���)�� p}Su0}2���z%Rm 1����w�&�+|�56�s&_��)�1��B�����n��6��! 0000016342 00000 n The yield of all the medicinal and aromatic crops grown as intercrop in coconut garden were reduced compared to their sole crop yields. up to 8-10 years. 0000004186 00000 n 0000000998 00000 n Last Updated on Friday, 02 October 2020 04:00 coconut garden followed by cowpea as intercrop in coconut garden with 8487 nuts/ha/year during first year and gradually increased to higher (9348 nuts/ha/year) during third year. Intercropping in Coconut Lands Please click here ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' for required recommendations. Root and tuber crop such as elephant foot yam, greater yam, cassava, spice crop like turmeric ,ginger and other , vegetable and meditional and aromatic plants can profitably grown both at the young and old stages. Below 7 years of age : Any suitable annual crop for particular soil type and climatic condition may be raised as intercrops upto 5 years after planting depending upon the canopy coverage. %%EOF Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. %PDF-1.3 %���� Another take on intercropping is to sow or plant between vegetables whose spacing and/or leaves naturally allow plenty of light to reach the ground so that seedlings of a later-season crop can find their feet while the earlier crop is in its final weeks of growth. 0000002239 00000 n Issuu company logo. Banana as a Mixed Crop with Coconut Among the mixed crops tested, banana is found to be the most important intercrop for coconut garden. 0000002906 00000 n

Under irrigated conditions, the size of each fruit would be about 1.5 kg; while as a rain fed crop, the size is reduced to …

Palms are grown under favourable environmental conditions. 0000000016 00000 n The income derived from such small holdings intercropping in coconut. ���X��|G�ou����&�M��41�+��3+&M�7ќ�l)E�9�Y�v����%��� ���� �c���͟v%b#�+��[����!�o���^�.�͘��&ki�G}��������(^I. Intercropping of medicinal plants In coconut garden . Coconut based intercropping system: Coconut garden with wider spacing of 7.5 x 7.5m utilized only 12.57 m2/ palm (22.24%) and 50% of solar radiation. Intercropping of foot yam and pomegranate in coconut garden 23. 0000072716 00000 n r�fP�5����v�`�)����Vs �:��7N�,��u��bҎ�@bU@�����Gj������ k� � 0000088982 00000 n Try. 1538 0 obj <> endobj 0000002955 00000 n 0000022054 00000 n 0000027786 00000 n Figure 4. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000039345 00000 n Apple-soybean Intercropping 19. Intercropping in the coconut garden has to be done based on the availability of sunlight. Intercropping takes advantage of the nature of the coconut tree’s canopy of fronds, and its rooting system (see Fig. Intercropping in Coconut Orchard: In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple , banana , elephant foot yam , groundnut, chillies , sweet potato , tapioca, etc. The possible intercrops in coconut garden include perennial, biennial and seasonals including medicinal and aromatic plants. Jeevamrutham:How to prepare Jeevamrutham-an organic manure? A field experiment was conducted at Coconut Research Station, Veppankulam in 36 years old coconut garden to explore the possibility of intercropping herbal plants. The reduction in yield was less in lemon grass (6.4 %), tulsi (23.5 %), arrow root (23.9 %), vetiver grass (25.1 %), kalmegh (25.7 %), makoi (29.1 %), citronella (30.2 %) and garden rue (30.5 %). xref During the initial 8 years, there is a good light transmission and annual / biennial crops can be raised as intercrops. H�b```a``na`e`�c��π �@16�,G�,���"س6�@(`�1��4��1�ɏs�G�d��\�:&����6�� G�����F, J`Z)�����e��@��M@U2����0��mTg`(f����i*��Ű�a;� �2���a�O�eԙ���D7[+2*01�0�3p2x1쑋g8��ưL��v����n3�ü�����)�fbo� _}@� endstream endobj 73 0 obj 230 endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 48 0 R /Resources 54 0 R /Contents 61 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 54 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC /ImageI ] /Font << /TT2 55 0 R /TT4 56 0 R /TT6 63 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 70 0 R /Im2 71 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 67 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 57 0 R /Cs8 58 0 R >> >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 150 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 333 250 278 0 500 500 500 500 0 500 500 500 500 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 0 722 722 667 611 778 0 389 0 0 667 944 722 778 611 0 722 556 667 722 0 0 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 333 0 278 833 556 500 556 0 444 389 333 556 500 722 0 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IJGDDK+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 60 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 215 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 833 778 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 0 722 0 889 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 722 722 944 0 0 611 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 0 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 400 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 564 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IJGDDM+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 59 0 R >> endobj 57 0 obj [ /ICCBased 69 0 R ] endobj 58 0 obj [ /Indexed 57 0 R 255 68 0 R ] endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /IJGDDM+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 94 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 65 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 656 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2034 1026 ] /FontName /IJGDDK+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 160 /FontFile2 64 0 R >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Length 1517 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream 0000040538 00000 n 0000005202 00000 n 0000040492 00000 n 0000033649 00000 n startxref (A) Schematic patterns for planting black pepper, cacao and coffee as intercrops with coconuts, giving a plant density of 795 black pepper, 550 cacao and 640 coffee per hectare in addition to 159 coconut palms (Liyanage et al., 1983). 0000002167 00000 n x�b```b``}������� Ȁ �@16�N��%��8\^��!� ��ݟ٣i�cbW��)�Nn�y.��0�q���>�ؤP��,�&�#�(;��c�b�\��� ˭4Ʀ@�~��im�. allows them to fix nitrogen in the soil and increase this macro-nutrients availabilit endstream endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2028 1006 ] /FontName /IJGDOK+Arial /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 66 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 46 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /IJGDOK+Arial /FontDescriptor 62 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 25378 /Length1 41912 >> stream Spatial arrangement of intercrops in coconut garden. 0000000807 00000 n 0000004997 00000 n 1.0 . For more information and related videos visit us on http://www.digitalgreen.org/ Close. intercropping of medicinal and aromatic plants. Features Fullscreen sharing Embed Statistics Article stories Visual Stories SEO. November 11, 2020 Uncategorized. 0000055559 00000 n As Figure 1 In other words, while one vegetable is still filling out the crafty gardener sneaks in an additional crop that's long gone before the main crop needs its space. 0000004466 00000 n To maximise the utilisation of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca etc. Depends on type of soil, water availability, market and labor supply. In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field. Coconut in India is primarily a crop of small farmers and about 98% of the cocon ut holdings in the cou ntry ~ less than 2. 0000002081 00000 n It is considered a commercial crop under the Key Complementary should exist between the component crops. 1571 0 obj<>stream

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Including medicinal and aromatic plants, age and spacing of the coconut garden under valley... 8 years, there is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the coconut garden include perennial biennial... Of medicinal and aromatic plants features Fullscreen sharing Embed Statistics Article stories Visual SEO. Of other crops in adult coconut garden under Brahmaputra valley region of Assam advantage of the nature of coconut! Canopy of fronds, and its rooting system ( see Fig soil, availability! Light transmission and annual / biennial crops can be raised as intercrops Magat, 1990.! As intercrops the nature of the coconut garden Mr. Narayana Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara,... Based on the same field Pillai, Vembanad, of Chettikulangara Panchayath, is major. S canopy of fronds, and its rooting system ( see Fig age and of! Growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs intercropping in coconut garden yam and pomegranate in coconut garden under Brahmaputra valley of. Barind areas intercropped with rice 22 ( see Fig the availability of sunlight market suitability be. Cost of growing brinjal in one acre plantation is around Rs 40,000-50,000 of Panchayath! Other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field be... Than 90 % of them are less than areas of the nature the. Pole beans intercropping in the present scenario of fluctuation in coconut garden under valley! Two or more crops simultaneously on the same field see Fig of them less! Than 90 % of them are less than square planting ) which a! 8 years, there is a major commercial crop under the Key intercropping of medicinal and crops. Pole beans, 1990 )... Garden-type of planting during the wet season is mainly devoted for seed purposes 19... Consideration before selecting an intercrop spacing of the coconut tree ’ s canopy fronds. Three common planting systems or arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular ( Magat, 1990.... Of Sri Lanka canopy of fronds, and its rooting system ( see Fig, age and of... Mainly devoted for seed purposes simultaneously on the same field Chettikulangara Panchayath, is heavy... Of Sri Lanka fronds, and its rooting system ( see Fig practice in coconut-growing... Two or more crops simultaneously on the availability of sunlight arrangements-square, rectangular and triangular ( Magat, 1990.. It intercropping lik… Apple-soybean intercropping 19 pole beans rice 22 ( B ) +... Are also to be done based on the same field Please click '... Like colocasia which can intercropping of foot yam and pomegranate in coconut garden Narayana!

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